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What sounds and behaviours should we expect from our babies?

What sounds and behaviours should we expect from our babies?

Posted on 24 October 2016 by Kristrun

My 8 month-old son, Thomas, loves to squark. Sometimes he sounds like a bird, other times he resembles a baby dinosaur on the hunt for his next feed. We lovingly gave him the nickname “Thomosaurus Rex” and shamelessly plan to dress him as a baby Stegosaurus for Halloween. At times the squawking can be loud – so loud that he receives curious looks from passersby (“is that a baby boy or dinosaur?” I assume they are thinking). My husband notices these glances and kindly shushes our son, as it may not be a socially appropriate noise to make when out and about in Hong Kong where children are typically ‘seen but not heard’. As a Speech Therapist, I am usually crouching down to face him while squarking right back at him while pulling crazy faces (getting shushed by my husband at the same time).

Babies and toddlers who coo, gurgle, babble, squark, squeak or squeal are gr2eat in my opinion, and should be supported, praised and encouraged. Ok, maybe there is a time and place for some sounds children make (shouting in a library may not be ideal) but vocalising is communication, and communication is extremely important to live a happy, productive and healthy life.

So what sounds and behaviours should we expect from our babies? Cooing, crying, smiling and making eye contact are all expected between 0-3 months of age. Between 3-6 months you should start to see some pointing, blowing raspberries and laughing (and perhaps some shrieking and squealing). You should hear some babbling with sounds made with the lips (such as ‘b’ and ‘m’) in sequences like “baba” and “mabada” between 6-9 months. More sounds should be used between 9-12 months, such as d, m, n, h, w and t. First words are generally heard at around 12 months.

Parents and carers can do a lot to help babies learn to speak by interacting with them from birth onwards by making lots of eye contact, singing, talking to the baby (even if the baby is too young to respond), playing, and imitating sounds, gestures and actions that the baby makes. This shows the baby that their sounds and actions are meaningful, and encourages them to make more of them! It is never too early to read to a baby, making sure that you choose books that are simple and colourful. Read slowly with lots of expression and point to pictures while naming them. Don’t forget to respond to your baby when they try to communicate with you, even if the noises made sound prehistoric.

Hailing from Sydney, Australia, Stephanie Eber has been working as a Speech and Language Therapist for over 10 years. She is the Senior Speech Therapist at an international school in Hong Kong while running Beyond Words Speech Therapy, a consultancy practice which runs workshops for parents, carers, domestic helpers, educators and other therapists. Visit to find out more about upcoming workshops.

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Returning to Exercise and ‘getting in shape’ after pregnancy and giving birt

Returning to Exercise and ‘getting in shape’ after pregnancy and giving birt

Posted on 03 February 2016 by Kristrun

When women list their favourite experiences of pregnancy, childbirth and becoming a mother, the impact it has had on their bodies or the return to exercise experience would rarely get a mention. Rather, most women are more likely complain about the pelvic floor and transverse abdominus issues, pelvis/hip or back pain, feeling imbalanced or simply not being able to get back into shape easily. Common stories I hear in my clinic go something like, “I have been trying to get back to exercise for a while now but it’s really difficult because I feel disconnected from my core and I’m getting back and hip pain.” Or, “I know I’m meant to be working my ‘core’ and have been doing that with my personal trainer. However, my knee is constantly hurting and the pain just returns with after a period of rest.” These stories are all too common and many mothers spend years or even decades trying to find a solution.

There is so much more to returning to exercise than just training your ‘core’ and I would argue there is far too much emphasis put on this these days in rehabilitation and exercise circles (with the exception of major pelvic floor or rectus diastasis problems). Whole body stability, pelvis alignment, muscle balance, movement patterns and posture are just as important and all of these need to come together in order to get a mother’s body to function as it once did.

This whole process can be very stressful as it can make you feel like it won’t be possible to get the results you want or that you won’t be able to get back to your previous shape. To help you ease the anxiety and stress this generates, while also giving you the energy you need to go through this you can buy kratom capsules from It will even help you to deal with pain, so don’t be afraid to give it a try.

The most appropriate professionals to help you with solving your personal puzzle to safe and pain-free exercise are likely to be physiotherapists, especially those specialised and experienced in the ante- and post-natal processes. After the initial recovery period, it would also be wise to choose aphysiotherapist with a good understanding of sporting biomechanics and therapy. A therapist with this combination of skills should be able to help you return to working on your exercise and body goals within 2-3 months.

So, don’t wait a to get back into your health routine and, no,it’s never normal to have pain just because now you’re a mum.

For more information please contact Joseph March (physiotherapist) at Hong Kong Sports Clinic -

Joseph March
Founder and Principal Physiotherapist
Hong Kong Sports Clinic 
Suite 1003, Takshing House,

20 Des Voeux Rd, Central, Hong Kong

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